Korn Shell Scripting for DevOps: Leveraging Automation to Optimize Your Environment


Korn Shell scripting (or simply, ksh scripting) is a powerful tool that facilitates automation in DevOps environments. Automation is crucial in optimizing the environment, as it eliminates repetitive tasks that can consume a lot of time and resources. In addition, automation reduces errors that are common in manual tasks, thereby increasing efficiency and productivity.

Getting Started with Korn Shell Scripting

To begin with, it is important to have a basic understanding of the Korn Shell. The Korn Shell is a powerful and flexible shell that is available on Unix/Linux systems. It supports advanced scripting features such as arrays, arithmetic operations, and advanced I/O operations.

Let’s begin by creating a simple Korn Shell script that prints „Hello World“ to the console. Create a file named „hello.ksh“ and open it in your favorite text editor.

echo "Hello World!"

Save and close the file. Set the executable permission on the file using the following command:

chmod +x hello.ksh

To run the script, execute the following command:


This will produce the following output:

Hello World!

Automating Tasks with Korn Shell Scripting

One of the most common uses of Korn Shell scripting in DevOps environments is task automation. Consider the following scenario where you need to install some software packages on multiple servers. Doing this manually can be a tedious and error-prone task, especially if there are many servers involved.

To automate this task, create a Korn Shell script that installs the software packages on the servers. Here’s an example of how this can be done:


# List of servers
servers=("server1" "server2" "server3")

# Software packages to install
packages=("vim" "git" "nodejs")

for server in "${servers[@]}"
    for package in "${packages[@]}"
        ssh $server "yum install -y $package"

In the above script, we have defined two arrays: „servers“ and „packages“. The „servers“ array contains the names of the servers on which the software packages need to be installed. The „packages“ array contains the names of the software packages that need to be installed.

The script then uses a nested loop to iterate over each server and each package and installs the software package using ssh. This script can be executed using the following command:


This will install the software packages on all the servers listed in the „servers“ array.


In conclusion, Korn Shell scripting is a powerful tool that can be used to automate tasks in DevOps environments. Automation frees up time and resources, reduces errors, and increases efficiency and productivity. With the use of Korn Shell scripting, DevOps teams can streamline their processes, reduce downtime, and ultimately provide better services to their users.